37 Realisations Conducive to enlightenment

Thirty-seven realizations –

 

four close placements of mindfulness,

four correct abandoners,

four legs of miracle powers,

five powers,

five forces,

seven branches of enlightenment

eight branches of superior paths.

 

The definition of close placement of mindfulness is a path of concentration on any of the common or uncommon aspects of body, feelings, mind or phenomena that depends on mindfulness and wisdom.

 

There are four types – close placement of mindfulness of body, close placement of mindfulness of feelings, close placement of mindfulness of mind and close placement of mindfulness of phenomena. The definition of close placement of mindfulness of body is a path of concentration on any of the common or uncommon aspects of the body that depends on mindfulness and wisdom. The definition of close placement of mindfulness of feelings is a path of concentration on any of the common or uncommon aspects of feelings that depends on mindfulness and wisdom. The definition of close placement of mindfulness of mind is a path of concentration on any of the common or uncommon aspects of mind that depends on mindfulness and wisdom. The definition of close placement of mindfulness of phenomena is a path of concentration on any of the common or uncommon aspects of phenomena other than body, feelings and mind that depends on mindfulness and wisdom.

 

The definition of correct abandoner is a path of effort that strives to abandon what is to be abandoned and practise what is to be practised.

 

There are four types –

correct abandoners that abandon non-virtues already generated,

correct abandoners that do not generate non-virtues not yet generated,

correct abandoners that increase virtues already generated and

correct abandoners that generate virtues not yet generated.

 

The definition of the first is a path of effort that strives to abandon non-virtues already generated, the definition of the second is a path of effort that strives to abstain from non-virtue, the definition of the third is a path of effort that strives to increase virtues already generated and the definition of the fourth is a path of effort that strives to generate virtues not yet generated.

 

The definition of leg of miracle powers is a path of concentration observing emanated objects and activities.

 

There are four types –

the legs of miracle powers of aspiration, effort, mind and analysis.

 

The definition of leg of miracle powers of aspiration is a leg of miracle powers induced by a strong wish to display miracle powers. The definition of leg of miracle powers of effort is a leg of miracle powers induced by constant and forceful effort . The definition of leg of miracle powers of mind is a leg of miracle powers induced principally through the ripening of potentials within the mind. The definition of leg of miracle powers of analysis is a leg of miracle powers induced principally through analytical meditation on instructions given by others.

 

The definition of a power that is a realization conducive to enlightenment is a path that has acquired great power to produce its effect, superior paths. 

 

There are five types – the powers of faith, effort, mindfulness, concentration and wisdom.

 

The definition of a force that is a realization conducive to enlightenment is a path of patience or above on the path of preparation that cannot be affected by adverse conditions.

 

There are five types – the forces of faith, effort, mindfulness, concentration and wisdom.

 

The definition of branch of enlightenment is a superior path that directly realizes emptiness.

There are seven types – the branches of enlightenment of correct mindfulness, correct wisdom, correct effort, correct joy, correct suppleness, correct concentration and correct equanimity.

 

The definition of branch of superior paths is a path that generates its effect, higher superior paths.

There are eight types –the branches of superior paths of correct view, correct conception, correct speech, correct ends of actions, correct livelihood, correct effort, correct mindfulness and correct concentration.

 

There are three doors of perfect liberation –

 

the door of perfect liberation of emptiness,

the door of perfect liberation of signlessness 

the door of perfect liberation of wishlessness.

 

The definition of the first is the emptiness that is the lack of inherent existence of the entity of any phenomenon. An example is the lack of inherent existence of the entity of a sprout.

 

The definition of the second is the emptiness that is the lack of inherent existence of the cause of any phenomenon. An example is the lack of inherent existence of the cause of a sprout.

The definition of the third is the emptiness that is the lack of inherent existence of the effect of any phenomenon. An example is the lack of inherent existence of the effect of a sprout.

 

Meditation on the first door of perfect liberation leads to a realization that the entities of phenomena lack true existence, and this realization leads to the pacification of the true-grasping that conceives the entities of phenomena to be truly existent. In the root text, ‘not observing’ refers to lack of inherent existence and ‘isolation’ means liberation.

 

Meditation on the second door of perfect liberation leads to a realization that causes do not truly exist and this realization leads to the pacification of the true-grasping that conceives the causes of things to be truly existent.

Here ‘sign’ means cause and so ‘signlessness’ means the lack of true existence of causes.

 

Meditation on the third door of perfect liberation leads to a realization that effects do not truly exist and this realization leads us to liberation from the effect of samsara, suffering and its cause, confusion.

 

Here, ‘wish’ means the objects that are wished for, both those on the side of samsara and those on the side of liberation. ‘Wishlessness’ is the lack of inherent existence of all these objects.

 

All three doors of perfect liberation are the same in that they are mere lack of inherent existence. Therefore, strictly speaking there is only one door of perfect liberation – emptiness. In other texts it says there is only one door of liberation and that besides emptiness a second door cannot be found. Thus, the three doors of perfect liberation are distinguished not from the point of view of emptiness but from the point of view of their bases.

 

The definition of concentration of perfect liberation is a single-pointed virtuous mind of the upper realms that is liberated from obstructions to absorption.

There are eight types –

 

the concentration of perfect liberation that observes various emanated forms both large and small while inwardly retaining the discrimination of a form-possessor,

 

the concentration of perfect liberation that observes various emanated forms both large and small while inwardly having abandoned the discrimination of a form-possessor,

 

the concentration of perfect liberation that observes various beautiful emanated forms, the concentration of perfect liberation of the absorption of infinite space,

the concentration of perfect liberation of the absorption of infinite consciousness, the concentration of perfect liberation of the absorption of nothingness,

the concentration of perfect liberation of the absorption of peak of samsara and

the concentration of perfect liberation of the absorption of the cessation of feelings and discriminations.